Definite integral

Definition:If a function defined on an interval and then a definite integral of a function on an interval is a number equal to limit of integral sum where f

that is

where i

The construction of integral sums for the example of determining the area of the curvilinear trapezoid

Let on the segment is set to an integral and continuous function


Визначений інтеграл

To determine the area of the curvilinear trapezoid (bounded curve axis and straight, and ), divide the cut points

on the parts selected on each of the obtained partial segments of an arbitrary point of the calculated values of the function at these points and form the sum where

This amount is equal to the sum of the areas of the shaded rectangles is called the integral sum.

If now the number of dividing points increases indefinitely, and the length max (highest) partial cut partitioning tends to zero, and the value tends to a certain limit does not depend on the method of division and the choice of points on partial segments, then the value is called the area of the curvilinear trapezoid, i.e.

The Formula Newton - Leibniz

If the function is defined and continuous on the interval and is its integral (i.e. ), then

Example. As one of the primitive then

The basic properties of the definite integral

  2. If integrated on and then

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